Definition of Fracture
Depending on the strength of the fracture-affecting forces in the bone and the ability of the bone to absorb the odor, it is possible to break a small crack (fissure), one or more bones; Even in the joints adjacent to the dislocation accompanied by (blink-dislocation) may vary. The force that makes the kidney not only breaks the bone, but it can also injure the skin, muscles, tendons, ligaments, veins, nerves and neighboring organs around the bone.
The localities of the fractures and the fractures are different according to the ages. Birth trauma in newborns are the main causes of falls in children, beatings and traffic accidents, sports and traffic accidents in young people, traffic and work accidents in middle ages, and falling falls and tumoral events in older ages. In newborns, clavicle, femur and humerus are mostly broken due to birth trauma. In children, the humerus supracondylar fractures, especially the elbow circumference and forearm bones and femur body are mostly broken. Tibia, femur and radial distress are the most common fractures in young and middle ages. Femur neck, trochanteric region, proximal humerus, and radial disti- ment are the most common fractures seen in older ages.
Broken types and classification
1) According to the bone tissue strength:
Normal bone (traumatic) fracture
(Pathological) fracture in diseased bone
2) According to whether or not the fracture line is related to the external environment through the skin surrounding the bone or mucosa:
3) According to the fracture-forming force:
Fractures with direct mechanism
Fractures with indirect mechanism
Fractures with direct and indirect mechanism combination
4) According to the number of fractures:
One broken line
Multiple broken line
5) According to the degree of brokenness and broken line:
- A) Depleted fractures
- B) Non-depleted fractures
Crack (fissure, linear fracture)
Age tree (green stick)
Compression (compression) fractures
Unexplained fractures of the epiphysis
6) According to the anatomical localization of the molar in the bone:
Proximal site fractures (proximal epiphyseal and metaphyseal region, trochanteric, femoral neck, tibia condyle, collum syrup, etc.)
Shaft fractures (diaphysis region, expressed as 1/3 upper, 1/3 middle, 1/3 lower region)
Distal zone fractures (Distal epiphyseal and metaphyseal region, suprachondia, malleoler, pilon, Colles, etc
Pineal region fractures (In children, epiphyseal and metaphyseal fractures affecting the physis line before the fizzles are closed)
Broken – dislocations (Broken with broken bone in joint joined joints)
According to the histological structure of the broken bone:
The forces exerted externally or internally are called fractures in which the anatomical integrity of the bone or the continuity of the bone is broken.
If the acting force is small and the degree of bone odor absorptivity is high, a crack (fissure) may occur.
Or, if exposed to greater forces, one or more bones may fracture, accompanied by dislocations (fracture dislocations) in joints adjacent to the fracture. In addition to the severity of the trauma, injuries to the surrounding tissues (ligaments, muscles, tendons, vascular nerve structures) occur, so it is more accurate to say that the fracture is not the fracture.
In different periods of life, the place of fracture and its causes change.
Newborn birth trauma, falling beatings and accidents in children, middle-aged traffic accidents and work accidents, falling in old age, osteoporosis and tumors are more likely to cause fractures. The most common fracture in the newborn period is the fracture of the clavicle (collarbone). In the child, the fractures around the elbow, the forearm and the thighs are tight. At young and middle ages, radial distal (colles – wrist fractures) and tibia (tibia) are frequently fractured. In the elderly, hip fractures, shoulder regions and wrist fractures are common.